Monthly Archives: May 2011

WORLD TELECOM DAY-ROLE OF YOUTH FOR BETTER LIFE IN RURAL INDIA WITH ICT

The World Telecom Day is celebrated all over the world on May 17 every year. At Pune too this is a big event and a platform where several professionals from the field of Telecom air their views. A specific theme is selected every year. Last year the theme was “Better Cities Better Life with ICT”, and this year the theme is “Better Life in Rural Communities with ICT”.

India has a huge population living in the rural areas and connectivity and communication are the major hurdles in their development process. Thus there is huge scope for the younger generation particularly for graduates, to participate in this growth process by entering the field of telecommunication and more particularly by the use of ICT.Hence the relevance of this theme at this point of time.

It is seen that after graduation students are faced with a variety of career options which often puts them in a difficult position. The impact of the decision taken at this point is lifelong and hence it has been seen that those taking a correct decision are more successful than others.

Students who fail to clear a number of entrance exams often end up choosing any job that comes their way and regret this decision later often too late. Hence right guidance at this stage is very important for them.

Today’s young generation does not believe in treading traditional career paths. They do considerable research to find out which career would suit them as individuals and at the same time will be lucrative in the long run. Telecom technologies are one very important means to help in this decision. Its usage has shown an upward trend ever since its inception not just in the urban areas but in the rural areas as well.

THE IMPORTANCE OF THE TELECOM SECTOR

The wide usage of the mobile phone has been seen since the year 2000.People became familiar with terms such as GSM, CDMA and MMS.In addition the 3-G technology also started being used for supporting multi-media activity. This sector is moving at a fast pace and researchers around the world are already talking about 4-G and higher generations. In the next 10-15 years this sector is expected to gain further importance. The three traditional necessities of ‘Food, Shelter and Clothing’ will now become ‘Food, Shelter, Clothing and a Mobile’!!It must be understood that the mobile is not only for making calls or sending messages. It has actually helped in reducing the gaping ‘urban-rural digital divide’. In spite of the bottlenecks in India’s infrastructure and poor literacy levels, the mobile has picked up in popularity even in the rural areas. Several employment opportunities are also available in this sector and this number is estimated to be approximately 5.2 lakhs.Some of the well known names in the telecom sector such as Wipro, Infisys, Cybage and Persistent have set up their units in different parts of the country and are in need of qualified and able professionals to manage these units. The Central Government through the Ministry of Finance has also prepared a framework for “Delivering Financial Services through the Mobile Phone.”

THE TELECOM REVOLUTION

The Telecom sector has witnessed revolutionary changes since its inception. This is defined in the form of ‘Generations’ or ‘G’.

The first generation or 1 G –Telephones connected by wires whereby people could communicate with each other.

The second Generation-2 G-Mobile phones having facilities to speak and send written messages (SMS).

The Third Generation-3G-Mobile phones having the option to send photos and videos in addition to the facilities available in 2 G.It can be used like a computer with better internet speed and access to the share market prices, railway reservations medical advice, agricultural advice and the current wholesale market prices, in addition to astrology, sports, mobile gaming, election results, future gadgets and many more sites.E – learning courses are also available at the click of a button. Another attraction is the access to social networking sites as video and photo uploads and downloads has become faster than before. The 3-G services introduced in India would help the consumers in a big way to gain knowledge in all fields as discussed above.

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN THE TELECOM SECTOR

It has been seen that 17 % of the population in cities and 83 % in the villages are dependent on mobiles.129 crore technical and non-technical personnel will get job opportunities in the telecom sector. The first level of employment includes opportunities in research and development and product design. The second level includes actual production. The third is quality control and the fourth is sales. The fifth is after-sales service. The next level employs people for customer service and maintenance.

There are around fifteen subdivisions in the telecom sector. Some of the companies which provide employment opportunities are listed below:

Value-added services on mobile: M-Chek, Talktalk, AirtoWeb, Speak Wireless, Telesoft, Celebrum, Ambil, Sasken, One87, Mobiletowin etc.

Network Security: Avaya, Sun Microsystems, Cisco, Ncircle, Siemens etc.

Network Operator Companies include Reliance Communications, Docomo, Idea Cellular, Videocon, Uninor, BSNL, MTS etc.

Companies which make handsets are Nokia, Siemens, Blackberry, Samsung, Videocon, Motorola, Spice, Beyond etc.

Billing companies include Amdocs, Oracle, TSS, Atos Origin, Max Bill and Frost and Sullivan etc.

Telecom infrastructure companies are Motorola, Siemens, GTL, Ericson, etc.

Service Marketing companies are Technology Marketing Corp, Madison Word, and Onmobile.

Companies into Telecom software are Infosys, Wipro, Tech Mahindra, Surya, Global, Cybage, Verisante, Persistent, Alkatech, Lucent etc.

Companies making telecom equipment are Cisco, Motorola, Ericson, Starlite etc

Other employment opportunities can be sought into telecommunication and broadband services, Telecom services and control systems, telecom services complaint redressal, telecom services and health and educating people about the same can be chosen as a career.

People using mobiles have very little knowledge about the microprocessor chip .But its user friendly nature helps in talking, listening to music, clicking photographs, and surfing the net.All this is possible due to the development of science and technology.

Dr APJ Abdul Kalam dreamt of India as a Super Power by the year 2020.To achieve this he said we need to provide urban amenities to rural areas. It means dealing with five major issues namely, agriculture, education and health, information and communications techniques, technology and industrialization and urbanization of rural areas.

INSTITUTIONS PROVIDING TELECOM MANAGEMENT EDUCATION

The institutes providing courses in Telecom Management which are in the top 500 institutes in the world are Indian Institute of Science Bangalore and IIT Kharagpur. (Both share position Number 305 in the list)These institutions provide courses in Electronics and Telecommunications.

In Pune city, reputed B Schools offers courses in Telecom Business Management and are well known names in today’s corporate circles. In addition many institutes have set up Telecom Development centers with tie-ups from the government. Some of the important institutes involved in this process are:

IIT Kanpur in partnership with BSNL

IIT Delhi with Bharti Airtel

IIT Kharagpur with Vodafone

IIT Chennai with Reliance

IIT Mumbai with Tata Teleservices

IISc Bangalore with Aircel

IIM Ahmadabad with Idea

Time demands – Telecom Management

Pursuing a program in Telecom Management is a wise option as students pursuing general business management often find it difficult to find a suitable employment. Today’s market demands Specialized programmes of study particularly technology based courses which can be used for the upliftment of the rural people. The 3-G technology in particular will help in fulfilling the dreams of our former President Mr. APJ Abdul Kalam.Cheap mobile equipment and services will help in the empowerment of the weaker sections of our country. The youth of today needs to identify the right stream and curriculum to weave their path to success. If we talk about the specialization options available in Business Management the subjects commonly chosen are Marketing, Finance, HR, Productions and Operations Management and Logistics. Students hardly know about any other available options.

The MBA and PGDM Courses offer specialization in Supply Chain Management, Customer Relationship Management, Network Management, Forest Management, Agri-Business Management and Telecom Management.

The sad plight of today’s youth is like that of a small child shown in the cartoon series. The child asks his father: “Papa why do we need five fingers on our hands when there are only two buttons on the mouse”? People’s knowledge is restricted to the computer and the two buttons on the mouse while there is a revolution happening in Internet Technology.

The Telecommunications equipment and services will not take a long time to change the present situation in villages by using 3-G technology. This is why companies engaged in Telecom equipment and services have already started approaching rural areas in order to build a strong consumer base there. The practice of appointing a Telecom Officer in every village has also started. The major players in the rural sector are Airtel, Reliance, Vodafone, Tata, Idea BSNL, Aircel and Videocon. The Telecom sector is booming and in great demand.

THE WAY FORWARD

Youngsters will have to choose their careers in keeping with the need of the times. Telecom Business Management with around 5.2 lakh job opportunities at present will definitely be a wise choice. With the right curriculum it can provide a value-addition to the students and help in the development of the society as a whole. This will be a contribution towards fulfilling the dream of Honorable Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam – Former President of India, of providing urban amenities such as tele-education, telehealthcare, teleagriculture and telemedicine services to rural areas through telecommunication which in turn will make India a developed nation.

Importance of Telecom in Various Sectors

Communication plays very important role in the human life. Since the moments of our existence we communicate our wants and needs.  In the earlier days communication was very difficult due to the lack of proper means of communication. If anybody wanted to convey a message to a person who is living far away, that message used to be sent with the help of human being only. For a longer distance and more detailed message peageon post was used. These all means were very costly, uncertain and time consuming also. Because of all these reasons there was a great need of efficient means of communication to save time and money and hard work.

On March 10, 1876, in Boston, Massachusetts, Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone.  The device was itself; a crude thing made of a wooden stand, a funnel, a cup of acid, and some copper wire.. Since the death of Alexander Graham Bell in 1922, the telecommunication industry has undergone an amazing revolution.   Bell’s “electrical speech machine” paved the way for the Information Superhighway. World is celebrating 46th “ World Telecom Day” on 17th May,2011.This year the theme of Telecom Day is ‘ Better Life in Rural Community with ICT’

Use of various means of telecommunication now becomes an integrated part of society. Information found to be one of the most important elements for the efficient growth of an economy. With efficient use of telecommunication one can remove various constraints of all the sectors in the economy resulting into increased productivity and better administration. Effective controlling mechanism can be possible only through better communication and with better use of telecommunication equipments.  In the developing countries earlier telecommunication was a big problem because all the means of communications were confined to the rich people only. But with the revolution in this sector now all the means are also available to middle and lower class people who play vital role in the growth of economy of any country.

As we know that balanced growth of all sectors is very important for any country to become super power in the world. The development in any one sector is not enough for that. Optimum and efficient use of telecommunication in every sector is most important if any country wants to become superpower or at least self dependent. Hence it is necessary to see the importance of telecommunication in the various sectors in the economy.

 

Infrastructure:

Infrastructure is the basic physical and organizational structures needed for the operation of a society or enterprise or the services and facilities necessary for an economy to function The term typically refers to the technical structures that support a society, such as roads, water supply,  electrical grids, telecommunications, and so forth. Viewed functionally, infrastructure facilitates the production of goods and services; for example, roads enable the transport of raw materials to a factory, and also for the distribution of finished products to markets and basic social services such as schools and hospitals. In military parlance, the term refers to the buildings and permanent installations necessary for the support, redeployment, and operation of military forces.

 

As we already know that transport infrastructure is extremely important from economic development of any country which includes roads, bridges, and tunnels and for safe traffic various telecommunication equipments are very important. For the smooth traffic in the entire transportation sector i.e. road, rail and air and water use of telecommunication devices is increasing day by day.

Agriculture:

This is the most important sector in the Indian economy as our country is mostly depending on the agriculture for its economic development. Few years ago farmers were in a bad condition because of lack of proper information regarding the weather, regarding the price of their commodity, regarding the proper advice from the agro expert, regarding the market condition etc. Middlemen were exploiting the farmers as farmers were not able to communicate with their counterpart in different parts of the country and abroad to know about the prices of their crops. But now due to the revolution in the telecommunication sector the farmers even from rural areas they can take the advantage of the various telecom devices. Now farmers can discuss their problems with the expert and can take their advice regarding farming by using different types of telecommunication devices.

Education:

The literacy rate in India is 70.04% as per the latest census. Though it is improving fast but still it is behind the world literacy rate i.e. 84%. In the rural area the condition of the education is still poor. But due to the latest technology in the telecommunication sector one can run a school without being physically present there. With the use of internet a professor can give a lecture from distance to the entire classroom and even the students can ask the questions and can clear their doubts. With the use of multimedia students can understand the subject well as they actually see the things happening, they can also appear for various examinations by using online services and can make use internet for their research work.

Distance learning, which provides an educational structure for students not in face-to-face contact with a teacher, is an example of the dramatic changes in learning activity resulting from telestructure and teleprocess. Compared to traditional correspondence learning, teleprocessed distance learning allows many different combinations of audio, video, and data exchange and interaction.

 

Health:

Information and telecommunications technologies play very important role to provide and support health care when distance separates the participants. According to Dr. Hamadoun I Toure “If we are going to be able to deliver health care for all this new century of connectivity, it will be through cooperation and partnership between the technology and healthcare sectors” Telecommunication is receiving increasing attention not only in remote areas where health care access is troublesome but also in urban and suburban locations. Video conference is very important when the doctors are not able to visit the patient place. Doctor can give advice to his counter part with the help of video conferencing when there are some complications in the health of a patient.
Telecommunications can also expand home health care service access through new attachments to home telephone service, providing consultation and monitoring services as needed, especially to the less mobile elderly population, while reducing the number of trips to health centers.  Care will be more cost effective when it is based on electronic access. Personal medical records, extensive and current best medical practice information, and consultations delivered by teleconference to the most appropriate location, which might be remote from the health care professional is possible only because of telecommunication.

Government Sector:

Government agencies at all levels are introducing new applications of telecommunications for a variety of functions, primarily to improve the quality of service to the public, but also to reduce the cost of providing service and to improve efficiency. Some examples of the use of telecommunications have been in the area of document handling, to make it easier for agencies to process the paperwork associated with issuing regulations, granting permits, recording transfers of property, improving the use of information to collect taxes or assessments, and processing claims for benefits. Many of these applications of telecommunications allow agencies to deliver services to clients in a matter of minutes rather than hours and by telephone rather than in person.

Telecommunication devices can be most useful during natural calamity in any part of the country. At the time of earthquakes, floods and cyclones valuable lives can be saved with the help of telecommunication devices.

Business Sector:

Today telecommunication is the lifeblood of business sector. We can not imagine any organization without the use of telecommunication. In every sector of business, telecommunication plays unavoidable role.

Telecommunications, which is essential to today’s smooth business operations, is the transmittal of data and information from one point to another. Telephoning, faxing, e-mail, the World Wide Web – none of these essential business services would be available without fast and reliable telecommunications and so, the concept of electronic commerce, popularly called “e-commerce” would be impossible. Managers can use telecommunication technology for better controlling mechanism and better administration.

Telecommunications technology can reduce geographical distance to an irrelevant factor. E-mail, voice mail, faxing, file transfer, cellular telephony, and teleconferencing allow for full communication, whether among managers, between managers and their staffs, or among different organizations .Telecommunications can also be used by one person to monitor another person’s performance in real time. Telecommunications is used to communicate directions and receive feedback without requiring people to coordinate their schedules to hold a meeting. And the use of e-mail has brought some secondary benefits to business communications, by establishing a permanent written record of, and accountability for, ideas. The result is more accurate business communications. As we know that in the manufacturing firms one department depends on other department because output of one department is input of another department. For example, when the sales department receives a purchase order from a customer, it must communicate the order to the warehouse, which needs the information to prepare the package. The warehouse workers must then forward shipping documents to the accounts receivable department for billing, and so forth. With telecommunications, all documents can be accessed electronically by many different departments at the same time.

We should thank telecommunication, because it makes the world a global village. The distance of people from different countries gets closer. With the application of its technology, keeping in touch with other people becomes uncomplicated.  We really live in the world of telecommunication, it makes our life convenient, and we should take advantages of this technology.

For the sake of information I am giving following the development of telecommunication sector in India:

In the telecom sector there are nine verticals it means that there are nine sub sectors in which telecom graduate students can get the job. These sub sectors and the various companies in that sector are as follows:

Sr.No. Sector Companies
1 Net work security Avaya, McAfee, Sun Microsystems, Cisco, Securelogix, Simens, Found stone, Ncircle.
2 Network Operators Reliacence communications, Idea, Airtel, MTNL, BSNL, Vodafone, Docomo, Uninor, MTS, Virgin.
3 Telecom Infrastructure Motorola, Simens, Avaya, GTL infrastructure,Ericsson, Nokia Semence network
4 Billing Companies TSS, Ernst&Young, Convergys, Amdocs, Oracle, Maxbill, RIM, Tekno Telecom,   Atos Origin.
5 Enterprise communication Avaya, Simens, NEC PHILIPS, BITRIX, Cisco, AGC, Syncrea.
6 Telecom Software Infosys, Wipro,Sybase,Persistent,Convergent 

Surya Global, Cyber Sol,Sasken

7 Handset Manufacturer Nokia, Samsung, LG, Sony, Simence, Motorola, Videocon, Black Berry.
8 Telecom Equipment manufacturer Qualcomm, Ericsson, Nokia Siemens Network, Cisco, Huawei, Motorola.
9 Value Added Services Air2web, On Mobile, Mchek, Bay Talkite, Speak Wireless, telesoft, Cellebrum, Acl, mbill, Mbox, Sasken, Mobile2win, Skj.

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